User libraries is a sub-package where useful Python modules contributed by users are stored.

GPR antenna models

Information

The module features models of antennas similar to commercial GPR antennas. The following antenna models are included:

Manufacturer/Model Dimensions Resolution(s) Author/Contact Attribution/Cite
GSSI 1.5GHz (Model 5100) 170x108x45mm 1, 2mm Craig Warren (craig.warren@northumbria.ac.uk), Northumbria University, UK 1, 2
MALA 1.2GHz 184x109x46mm 1, 2mm Craig Warren (craig.warren@northumbria.ac.uk), Northumbria University, UK 1
GSSI 400MHz 300x300x170mm 0.5, 1, 2mm Sam Stadler (Sam.Stadler@liag-hannover.de), Leibniz Institute for Applied Geophysics, Germany 3

License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Attributions/citations:

  1. Warren, C., Giannopoulos, A. (2011). Creating finite-difference time-domain models of commercial ground-penetrating radar antennas using Taguchi’s optimization method. Geophysics, 76(2), G37-G47. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1190/1.3548506)
  2. Giannakis, I., Giannopoulos, A., & Warren, C. (2018). Realistic FDTD GPR antenna models optimised using a novel linear/non-linear Full Waveform Inversion. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, . ()
  3. Stadler, S. (2017). A Forward Modeling Study for the Investigation of the Vertical Water-Content Distribution of Using Guided GPR Waves (Master’s Thesis, Freiberg University of Mining and Technology, Germany). (https://app.box.com/s/h2n2ytsdllcm77du1o9lknumngmq8vq8)

Module overview

Descriptions of how the models were created can be found in the aforementioned attributions.

How to use the module

The antenna models can be accessed from within a block of Python code in an input file. The models are inserted at location x,y,z. The coordinates are relative to the geometric centre of the antenna in the x-y plane and the bottom of the antenna skid in the z direction. The models must be used with cubic spatial resolutions of either 0.5mm (GSSI 400MHz antenna only), 1mm (default), or 2mm by setting the keyword argument, e.g. resolution=0.002. The antenna models can be rotated 90 degrees counter-clockwise (CCW) in the x-y plane by setting the keyword argument rotate90=True.

Example

To include an antenna model similar to a GSSI 1.5 GHz antenna at a location 0.125m, 0.094m, 0.100m (x,y,z) using a 2mm cubic spatial resolution:

#python:
from user_libs.antennas.GSSI import antenna_like_GSSI_1500
antenna_like_GSSI_1500(0.125, 0.094, 0.100, resolution=0.002)
#end_python:
_images/antenna_like_GSSI_1500.png

Fig. 15 FDTD geometry mesh showing an antenna model similar to a GSSI 1.5 GHz antenna (skid removed for illustrative purposes).

_images/antenna_like_GSSI_400.png

Fig. 16 FDTD geometry mesh showing an antenna model similar to a GSSI 400 MHz antenna (skid removed for illustrative purposes).

_images/antenna_like_MALA_1200.png

Fig. 17 FDTD geometry mesh showing an antenna model similar to a MALA 1.2GHz antenna (skid removed for illustrative purposes).